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Beginner's Guide to Free Crochet Patterns


Learn how to crochet with our five-part beginner's guide to crochet. Read beginner crochet instructions and watch a beginner crochet video in each section to master the techniques used in all crochet projects.

How to Hold the Crochet Hook

As a complete novice to the craft, knowing where to begin in crochet is difficult. First, you need a crochet hook and basic yarn. An “H” hook is often recommended for beginners with some inexpensive acrylic yarn. American sizes range from B (smallest) to S (biggest), so you can get an idea of where this size sits. Use the image above as a guide to how to hold the hook and yarn.

For background information on crochet, abbreviations and free crochet patterns for beginners, see this article.

Table of Contents

Beginner Crochet Part 1: Yarn Over and Initial Knot


Beginner Crochet Part 2: Chain Stitch and How to Join into a Ring

Beginner Crochet Part 3: Four Basic Crochet Stitches

Beginner Crochet Part 4: Slip Stitch, Adds and Decreases


Beginner Crochet Part 5: Finishing

Beginner Crochet Part 1

Yarn Over (abbreviation yo)- Don’t laugh crafters! I’ve seen this several places now and basically it means bring the yarn over the hook so that the hook can catch the yarn and draw it through the loop. Literally, the yarn comes over the hook ... hence the name.

Initial Knot- The initial knot in crocheting is generally a slipknot. You can tie this knot by hand or use the hook. You wrap the yarn around the hook, bringing the end portion of the yarn on top into a working loop. Then you “yarn over” by bringing the bottom thread over the hook so that the hook can catch it, twisting, and pulling it through the loop. Don’t tighten it too much!  Here is a great video on how to make that initial slipknot. (I had to watch it several times!)



That’s the beginning. Read on for the first stitches!

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please tell me how to dopatterns ionly make square blankets starting with a chain made into a loop,i would like to make something else p.s dont understand abreveations teresa

tscutt 6072286

Do you have beginner instructions for someone who is left handed?

caroledeonne 5237535

I'm a beginner on making granny afghans, the one that is continuous squares, do you have a tutorial on that? Thank you.

goberfam 7210900

Thank you for such a wonderful web site. I wanted to learn a craft so that I could contribute to a group of marvelous ladies who do crafts for their church. I'm really in the learn mode and excited about getting started. Thanks again. cjgibbs

cjgibbs 9505753

I resently became disabled and need something to past the day. I have limited hand and finger mobility but wanted to try to crochet again. This article help me brush up on the different stitches. I am 3/4 the way done with a baby afghan and I am thrilled with the results so far. Thanks for helping remember how to crochet and giving me a challange.

debberg 1581534

Wow this is amazing... how easy is this? Play by play showing you how to do it... Thanks so much for sharing.

barbarajholloway 0343485

i didn't understand what the numbers meant could you please explain them more to me?

tammylynnecollins 8079396

I am just beginning to crochet. I have made several samples of many different stitches. I was starting to make a of slippers with some yarn that someone bought for me, I did the first row and i am stuck. the instructions say " row 1: Ch 23 (25, 27) dc in 4th ch from hook and in each ch across, turn-21 (23, 25) sts." I am stuck on that last part. I understand how to turn, but I don't know what the numbers mean. The instructions say this after each row. Can anyone help please? Thank you for your time.


looking for a crochet pattern for adult sized tube socks and leg warmers.

Ev Webb

Readerwoman: I found a left-handed crochet tutorial at http://lefty-crochet-mania.blogspot.com. If you want something to have at home you can purchase a kit by Boye or an American School of Needlework book, both of which have left-handed instruction. Once you are comfortable with your crochet skills, you will be able to make any pattern.

usejms 8063026

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